Jamiya Hill is kicking off her second summer season working at Pucker Lemonade & Seashore Fries in Asbury Park, New Jersey. The 16-year-old is making $10.50 an hour — 50 cents an hour above the state’s new minimal wage — working the register and serving up chilly drinks and fries to prospects on the boardwalk. Working offers her a way of independence as she heads into her junior 12 months of highschool.
“When I’m not in school over the summer I like to keep myself busy. Rather than go to parties like normal teenagers, I want to have a job, I want to work,” Hill mentioned. “I want to have my own money.”
Summer season jobs like Hill’s was the norm for teenagers, however now youthful employees are juggling jobs with extracurricular actions from sports activities to volunteering and school prep, and companies are discovering methods to work round a stagnant teen labor power in an more and more tight jobs market.
Solely about 40% of teenagers ages 16 by 19 have been within the labor power final summer season, in keeping with a CNBC evaluation of knowledge from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. That determine has remained stagnant over the previous decade. In 2006, about half of teenagers have been working, or in search of work, throughout the summer season. Within the early 2000s, the determine was 20 factors greater than it was final summer season. Final 12 months, solely about one-third of teenagers held a summer season job.
Hill works for Anthony Bannon, who employs about 38 teenagers ages 15 by 18. He has two boardwalk companies in Asbury Park — Pucker and Tony’s, a sausage stand — that are open from May by October. He takes pleasure in giving teenagers their first expertise within the office and diligently works on retaining them 12 months after 12 months. However Bannon’s has seen a shift in teen office dynamics lately and has needed to change the best way he recruits, bringing youthful employees into the fold.
“We specialize in offering first-time workers the opportunity to learn how to get their chops and how to be a good employee — how to be a good team member,” Bannon mentioned. “We’ve found over the last couple of years that 16- and 17-year-olds aren’t working as much. We’ve had to actually open it up to 14- and 15-year-olds using programs like working papers and working with schools.”
Summer season enrollment in instructional lessons could also be one trigger for a decline in teen labor power participation, as the school enrollment course of turns into extra intense. In July 1985, which is the earliest 12 months the BLS collected the info, about 10% of teenagers have been enrolled in lessons. In 2018, that quantity rose to 45%. Some say the shift might show problematic for teenagers as they age.
“Families are focusing now on education — getting good grades and being college-ready,” says Ellen Davis, president of the Nationwide Retail Federation Basis. “Students are also focusing on athletics. … A lot of teenagers are opting out of the workforce, and many of them aren’t finding their first job until they graduate from college. That has huge implications, not only for businesses who are trying to hire young people, but also for young people who aren’t learning the skills they need to be successful in the workplace.”
Older employees could also be in greater demand as employers look to fill roles within the absence of teenage employees. In July 2000, for instance, 24% of meals service employees have been teenagers, a determine that fell to 19% final 12 months. On the similar time, the portion of meals service employees who have been ages 55 and older rose to 12% from 8%.
McDonald’s is partnering with the AARP this summer season to fill some 250,000 seasonal roles, the restaurant big introduced this spring. In the meantime, different massive employers, corresponding to Walmart, are doubling down in recruiting teenagers with gives that embody SAT and ACT prep programs — the precise conflicts that could be stopping some teenagers from working.
Mike Haines, proprietor of 4 Tropical Smoothie Cafe areas within the Atlanta metro space, mentioned about 75% of his labor power of near 100 employees is made up of teenagers. Getting teenagers within the door to work is not a difficulty for Haines, who’s eager on maintaining the youthful employees he hires on board 12 months after 12 months, giving them alternatives to work into managerial and management roles. However he says their availability simply is not what it was.
“The amount of hours they are devoting to work and the consistency of that availability is significantly different, even though we haven’t been dramatically affected by the number of teen applicants being reduced,” Haines mentioned. “They’re doing things like volunteer work, they are engaged in their churches. They are looking at their extracurricular activities and taking additional summer courses, where previously the labor pool for summer students would have been much higher.”
In truth, Haines mentioned given availability challenges he may need to rent one and a half employees for each one roster slot, which addresses retention, one other main concern for employers in a good labor market. Haines cited the open and clear setting of the smoothie cafes as one purpose teenagers are likely to flock to the shops for his or her first jobs.
“I think we are set up well to continue to attract high-quality teen applicants over the coming years,” he mentioned, however he acknowledged there are potential headwinds for all employers seeking to carry on teenagers down the road. “I do think that trends would suggest that there are some potential challenges ahead, not just for this industry but for everybody looking to hire from that teen labor pool, because we do see it shrinking.”